On October 03-2016 Finance Minister Bill Morneau announced new mortgage rules that will take effect on October 17-2016. The government’s announcement is aimed at ensuring Canadians aren’t taking on bigger mortgages than they can afford in an era of historically low interest rates. The changes are also meant to address concerns regarding foreign buyer who purchase and flip homes in Canada.
High Ratio mortgage: means a down payment of 5% but less than 20% of the purchase price requiring mortgage insurance such as CMHC.
Low Ratio mortgage or Conventional: 20% or more of the purchase price not requiring mortgage insurance
Four major changes to Canada’s housing rules:
The current rules:
Buyers with a down payment of at least 5 per cent of the purchase price but less than 20 per cent must be backed by mortgage insurance. This protects the lender in the event that the home buyer defaults. These loans are known as “high ratio” mortgages. In situations in which the buyer has 20 per cent or more for a down payment, the lender or borrower could obtain “low-ratio” insurance that covers 100 per cent of the loan in the event of a default.
Increasing a mortgage rate stress test to all insured mortgages. As of October 17-2016 all new insured mortgages will need to qualify at the bench mark rate, instead of the contract rate. Today’s benchmark rate is 4.64%. the stress test is aimed at assuring the lender that the home buyer could still afford the mortgage if interest rates were to rise. Other aspects of the stress test require that the home buyer will be spending no more than 39 per cent of income on home costs like mortgage payments, heat and taxes known as the gross debt service (GDS). Another measure called total debt service (TDS) includes all other debt payments like car payments and credit card payments. The TDS ratio must not exceed 44 per cent.
Who it affects
This measure affects home buyers who have at least 20 per cent for a down payment but are seeking a mortgage that may stretch them too thin if interest rates were to rise. It also affects lenders seeking to buy government-backed insurance for low-ratio mortgages.
The government is responding to concerns that sharp rises in house prices in cities like Toronto and Vancouver could increase the risk of defaults in the future should mortgage rates rise.
As of Nov. 30, the government will impose new restrictions on when it will provide insurance for low-ratio mortgages.
The new rules restrict insurance for these types of mortgages based on new criteria, including that the amortization period must be 25 years or less, the purchase price is less than $1-million, the buyer has a credit score of 600 and the property will be owner-occupied.
Who it affects
This measure appears to be aimed at lowering the government’s exposure to residential mortgages for properties worth $1-million or more, a category of the market that has increased sharply in recent years in Vancouver and Toronto.
Vancouver and Toronto are the two real estate markets that are of most concern for policy makers at all levels of government. These measures appear to be targeted at those markets.
New reporting rules for the primary residence capital gains exemption: Currently, any financial gain from selling your primary residence is tax-free and does not have to be reported as income. As of this tax year, the capital gains tax is still waived, but the sale of the primary residence must be reported at tax time to the Canada Revenue Agency.
Who it affects
Everyone who sells their primary residence will have a new obligation to report the sale to the CRA, however the change is aimed at preventing foreign buyers who buy and sell homes from claiming a primary residence tax exemption for which they are not entitled.
While officials say more data are needed, Ottawa is responding to extensive anecdotal evidence and media reports showing foreign investors are flipping homes in Canada and falsely claiming the primary residence exemption.
The government is launching consultations on lender risk sharing.
What it is
Currently, the federal government is on the hook to cover the cost of 100 per cent of an insured mortgage in the event of a default. The federal government says this is “unique” internationally and that it will be releasing a public consultation paper shortly on a proposal to have lenders, such as banks, take on some of that risk. The Department of Finance Canada acknowledges this would be “a significant structural change to Canada’s housing finance system.”
Who it affects
Mortgage lenders, such as banks, would have to take on added risk. This could potentially lead to higher mortgage rates for home buyers.
The federal government wants to limit its financial obligations in the event of widespread mortgage defaults. It also wants to encourage prudent lending practices.
With the changes occurring on October 17-2016 it is more evident that interest rates will sooner or later rise- That is a given. What is equally important that we as professionals in our discussions with our clients, educate and ensure they understand that low debt and a good credit score is very important in ensuring you qualify for a mortgage. Please refer to: http://www.fin.gc.ca/n16/16-117-eng.asp